ASTM Standard List: Forgings, Welding and Filler Materials and Powder Metallurgy

خلاصات:

ASTM specifications represent a consensus among producers, specifiers, fabricators, and users of steel mill products. ASTM’s designation system for metals consists of a letter (A for ferrous materials) followed by an arbitrary sequentially assigned number. These designations often apply to specific products, for example A548 is applicable to cold-heading quality carbon steel wire for tapping or sheet metal screws.

This article contains a list of standards that covers among other things:

  • Carbon Steel Forgings for General Industrial Use
  • Vacuum-Treated Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Rotors and Shafts
  • Alloy Steel Forgings for High-Strength Pressure Component Application
  • Standard Specification for Sintered Ceramic Ferrite Permanent Magnets

For more information on the ASTM designation system see our related article:
Introduction to the ASTM Standard Designation.


Forgings, Welding and Filler Materials and Powder Metallurgy


Forgings

Standard
Number
Last
version
Description Status
A 19 1936 Quenched-and-Tempered Carbon-Steel Axles, Shafts, and Other Forgings for Locomotives and Cars Replaced by A 236 /no materials/
A 63   Alloy Steel Forgings for Locomotives and Cars Replaced by A 237 /no materials/
A 105/A 105M 2005 Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping Applications /1/
A 133   Alloy-Steel Forgings for Locomotives and Cars Withdrawn 1941 /no materials/
A 136   Forge-Welded Steel Pipe Withdrawn 1945 /no materials/
A 181/A 181M 2006 Carbon Steel Forgings, for General-Purpose Piping /2/
A 182/A 182M 2009 Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service /88/
A 235   Carbon Steel Forgings for General Industrial Use Replaced by A 668/A 668M /no materials/
A 236   Carbon Steel Forgings for Railway Use Withdrawn 1981 /no materials/
A 237   Alloy Steel Forgings for General Industrial Use Replaced by A 668/A 668M /no materials/
A 238   Forgings, Alloy Steel, for Railway Use Replaced by A 730 /no materials/
A 243   Carbon and Alloy Steel Ring, Hollow Cylinder, and Disk Forgings for General Industrial Use Replaced by A 668/A 668M /no materials/
A 266/A 266M 2008 Carbon Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessel Components /4/
A 288 2008 Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Magnetic Retaining Rings for Turbine Generators /8/
A 289/A 289M 2008 Alloy Steel Forgings for Nonmagnetic Retaining Rings for Generators /8/
A 290/A 290M 2005 Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Rings for Reduction Gears /19/
A 291/A 291M 2005 Steel Forgings, Carbon and Alloy, for Pinions, Gears and Shafts for Reduction Gears /20/
A 292   Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Generator Rotors and Shafts Replaced by A 469/A 469M /no materials/
A 293   Steel Forgings, Carbon and Alloy, for Turbine Generator Rotors and Shafts /no materials/
A 294   Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Wheels and Disks /no materials/
A 336/A 336M 2009 Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure and High-Temperature Parts /45/
A 350/A 350M 2007 Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components /13/
A 369/A 369M 2006 Carbon and Ferritic Alloy Steel Forged and Bored Pipe for High-Temperature Service /15/
A 372/A 372M 2008 Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels /48/
A 402   Forged or Rolled Alloy Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts Specially Heat Treated for High-Temperature Service Withdrawn 1958 /no materials/
A 404 1968 Forged or Rolled Alloy Steel Pip Flanges, Forged Fitings, and Valves and Parts Specially Heat Treated for High-Temperature Service Withdrawn 1974 /no materials/
A 430/A 430M 1991 Austentic Steel Forged and Bored Pipe for Hi GH-Temperature Service Replaced by A312/ A312M /11/
A 456/A 456M 2008 Magnetic Particle Examination of Large Crankshaft Forgings /no materials/
A 461   Precipitation Hardening Alloy Bars, Forgings, and Forging Stock for High-Temperature Service Replaced by A564/ A564M /no materials/
A 468   Method of Normal Magnetic Induction Characteristics of Carbon and Alloy Steel Generator Rotor Forgings Replaced by A6/ A6M /no materials/
A 469/A 469M 2007 Vacuum-Treated Steel Forgings for Generator Rotors /7/
A 470/A 470M 2005 Vacuum-Treated Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Rotors and Shafts /17/
A 471 2009 Vacuum-Treated Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Rotor Disks and Wheels /11/
A 473 2009 Stainless Steel Forgings /90/
A 477   Hot-Worked, Hot-Cold Worked and Cold-Worked Alloy Steel Forgings and Forging Billets for High Strength at Elevated Temperatures Withdrawn 1991 /no materials/
A 508/A 508M 2005 Quenched and Tempered Vacuum-Treated Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessels /15/
A 521/A 521M 2006 Steel, Closed-Impression Die Forgings for General Industrial Use /14/
A 522/A 522M 2007 Forged or Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Low-Temperature Service /2/
A 541/A 541M 2005 Quenched and Tempered Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessel Components /36/
A 579/A 579M 2009 Superstrength Alloy Steel Forgings /27/
A 592/A 592M 2009 High-Strength Quenched and Tempered Low-Alloy Steel Forged Fittings and Parts for Pressure Vessels /3/
A 594   Carbon Steel Forgings with Special Magnetic Characteristics Withdrawn 1986 /no materials/
A 638/A 638M 2004 Precipitation Hardening Iron Base Superalloy Bars, Forgings, and Forging Stock for High-Temperature Service /3/
A 649/A 649M 2009 Forged Steel Rolls Used for Corrugating Paper Machinery /9/
A 654 1979 Special Requirements for Steel Forgings and Bars for Nuclear and Other Special Applications Withdrawn 1983 /no materials/
A 668/A 668M 2004 Steel Forgings, Carbon and Alloy, for General Industrial Use /13/
A 694/A 694M 2008 Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Pipe Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for High-Pressure Transmission Service /18/
A 695 1995 Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, for Fluid Power Applications Withdrawn 2002 /2/
A 696 2006 /2/
A 705/A 705M 2009 Age-Hardening Stainless Steel Forgings /19/
A 707/A 707M 2007 Forged Carbon and Alloy Steel Flanges for Low-Temperature Service /8/
A 711/A 711M 2007 Steel Forging Stock /no materials/
A 723/A 723M 2008 Alloy Steel Forgings for High-Strength Pressure Component Application /18/
A 727/A 727M 2009 Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping Components with Inherent Notch Toughness /1/
A 730 1999 Forgings, Carbon and Alloy Steel, for Railway Use Replaced by A668/668M /no materials/
A 765/A 765M 2007 Carbon Steel and Low-Alloy Steel Pressure-Vessel-Component Forgings with Mandatory Toughness Requirements /6/
A 766/A 766M   Forgings Withdrawn 1989 /1/
A 768/A 768M 2005 Vacuum-Treated 12 % Chromium Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Rotors and Shafts /5/
A 769/A 769M 2005 Carbon and High-Strength Electric Resistance Forge-Welded Steel Structural Shapes /8/
A 788/A 788M 2008 Steel Forgings, General Requirements /no materials/
A 823 2008 Statically Cast Permanent Mold Gray Iron Castings /14/
A 827/A 827M 2007 Plates, Carbon Steel, for Forging and Similar Applications /6/
A 836/A 836M 2007 Titanium-Stabilized Carbon Steel Forgings for Glass-Lined Piping and Pressure Vessel Service /1/
A 837/A 837M 2006 Steel Forgings, Alloy, for Carburizing Applications /7/
A 859/A 859M 2009 Age-Hardening Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessel Components /3/
A 891/A 891M 2008 Precipitation Hardening Iron Base Superalloy Forgings for Turbine Rotor Disks and Wheels /2/
A 909/A 909M 2006 Steel Forgings, Microalloy, for General Industrial Use /4/
A 940/A 940M 2006 Vacuum Treated Steel Forgings, Alloy, Differentially Heat Treated, for Turbine Rotors /2/
A 952/A 952M 2002 Forged Grade 80 and Grade 100 Steel Lifting Components and Welded Attachment Links /no materials/
A 965/A 965M 2006 Steel Forgings, Austenitic, for Pressure and High Temperature Parts /43/
A 982/A 982M 2005 Steel Forgings, Stainless, for Compressor and Turbine Airfoils /12/
A 983/A 983M 2006 Continuous Grain Flow Forged Carbon and Alloy Steel Crankshafts for Medium Speed Diesel Engines /10/
A 986/A 986M 2006 Magnetic Particle Examination of Continuous Grain Flow Crankshaft Forgings /no materials/
A 1021/A 1021M 2005 Martensitic Stainless Steel Forgings and Forging Stock for High-Temperature Service /16/
A 1048/A 1048M 2006 Pressure Vessel Forgings, Alloy Steel, Higher Strength Chromium-Molybdenum-Tungsten for Elevated Temperature Service /2/
A 1049/A 1049M 2006 Stainless Steel Forgings, Ferritic/Austenitic (Duplex), for Pressure Vessels and Related Components /10/

Welding and Filler materials

Standard
Number
Last
version
Description Status
A 205   Iron and Steel Filler Metal (Arc-Welding Electrodes and Gas-Welding Rods) Replaced by A233 /no materials/
A 233   Mild Steel Covered Arc-Welding Electrodes Withdrawn 1970 /no materials/
A 234/A 234M 2007 Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High Temperature Service /18/
A 316   Low-Alloy Steel Covered Filler Metal Arc-Welding Electrodes Withdrawn 1970 /no materials/
A 371   Corrosion-Resisting Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Steel Welding Rods and Bare Electrodes Withdrawn 1969 /no materials/
A 399   Surfacing Welding Rods and Electrodes Withdrawn 1969 /no materials/
A 558   Bare Mild Steel Electrodes and Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding Withdrawn 1969 /no materials/
A 559   Mild Steel Electrodes for Gas Metal-Arc Welding Withdrawn 1969 /no materials/

Powder metallurgy

Standard
Number
Last
version
Description Status
A 1054 2007 Standard Specification for Sintered Ceramic Ferrite Permanent Magnets /no materials/
A 811 2008 Soft Magnetic Iron Parts Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy (P/M) Techniques /2/
A 839 2008 Iron-Phosphorus Powder Metallurgy (P/M) Parts for Soft Magnetic Applications /2/
A 904 2004 50 Nickel-50 Iron Powder Metallurgy (P/M) Soft Magnetic Parts /1/
B 439 2008 Standard Specification for Iron-Base Powder Metallurgy (PM) Bearings (Oil Impregnated) /7/
B 783 2004 Materials for ferrous powder metallurgy (P/M) structural parts /146/
B 848 2005 Standard Specification for Powder Forged (P/F) Ferrous Materials /19/
B 853 2007 Standard Specification for Powder Metallurgy (PM) Boron Stainless Steel Structural Components /1/

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