ASTM Standard List: Testing and Determination

Abstrakt:

ASTM specifications represent a consensus among producers, specifiers, fabricators, and users of steel mill products. ASTM’s designation system for metals consists of a letter (A for ferrous materials) followed by an arbitrary sequentially assigned number. These designations often apply to specific products, for example A548 is applicable to cold-heading quality carbon steel wire for tapping or sheet metal screws.

This article contains a list of standards that gives specific details of the testing and determination of materials through clearly defined methodology. Key tests include physical, chemical and mechanical property testing for numerous different materials.

For more information on the ASTM designation system see our related article:
Introduction to the ASTM Standard Designation.



Testing/Determination

Standard
Number
Last
version
Description Status
A 33   Methods of Chemical Analysis of Plain Carbon Steel Replaced by E30
A 34/A 34M 2006 Standard Practice for Sampling and Procurement Testing of Magnetic Materials  
A 55   Methods of Chemical Analysis of Alloy Steels  
A 64   Methods for Chemical Analysis of Steel, Cast Iron, Open-Hearth Iron, and Wrought Iron Replaced by E 30
A 90/A 90M 2009 Standard Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating on Iron and Steel Articles with Zinc or Zinc-Alloy Coatings  
A 91   Methods of Determining Weight of Casting on Tin, Terne, and Lead-Coated Sheets Withdrawn 1940
A 110   Test Method for Weight of Coating on Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Iron or Steel Articles Replaced by A90/A90M
A 124   Arbitration Test Bar and Tension Test Specimen for Cast Iron Withdrawn 1940
A 130   Methods for Chemical Analysis of Steel Cast Iron, Open-Hearth Iron, and Wrought Iron Withdrawn 1930
A 191   Test Method for Uniformity of CoatIng by the Preece Test (Copper Sulfate Dip) on Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Iron or Steel Articles Replaced by A239
A 219   Methods of Test for Local Thickness of Electrodeposited Coatings Replaced by B 244
A 224   Recommended Practice for Conducting Plant Corrosion Tests Replaced by G 4
A 247 2006 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Microstructure of Graphite in Iron Castings  
A 255 2007 Standard Test Methods for Determining Hardenability of Steel  
A 256   Method of Compression Testing of Cast Iron Withdrawn 1990
A 257   Methods of Permeability and Core Loss of Flat-Rolled Magnetic Materials using 28 cm Specimen [Replaced by A 34] Replaced by A 34
A 258   Methods of Testing Magnetic Materials Replaced by A 34/A 34M
A 259   Methods of Testing Magnetic Materials  
A 260   Recommended Practice for Torsion Tests of Cast Iron  
A 262 2008 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels  
A 272   Method of Magnetic Particle Testing and Inspection of Commercial Steel Castings Replaced by E 109
A 275/A 275M 2008 Standard Test Method for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings  
A 279   Method of Total Immersion Corrosion Test of Stainless Steels Replaced by G 31
A 309   Standard Test Method for Weight and Composition of Coating on Terne Sheet by the Triple-Spot Test  
A 317   Method of Macroetch Testing and Inspection of Steel Forgings Replaced by E 381
A 318   Method of Tension Testing and Inspection of Steel Spring Wire Replaced by A 370
A 327   Standard Test Methods for Impact Testing of Cast Irons  
A 327M   Standard Test Methods for Impact Testing of Cast Irons (Metric)  
A 330   Methods and Definition for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products Replaced by A 370
A 340 2003 Standard Terminology of Symbols and Definitions Relating to Magnetic Testing  
A 341/A 341M 2005 Standard Test Method for Direct Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using D-C Permeameters and the Ballistic Test Methods  
A 342/A 342M 2004 Standard Test Methods for Permeability of Feebly Magnetic Materials  
A 343/A 343M 2008 Standard Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials at Power Frequencies Using Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method and 25-cm Epstein Test Frame  
A 344   Methods of Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Magnetic Materials Replaced by A370
A 346   Standard Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Performance of Laminated Core Specimens Using the Dieterly Bridge Method Withdrawn 1998
A 348/A 348M 2005 Standard Test Method for Alternating Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method, 100 to 10 000 Hz and 25-cm Epstein Frame  
A 349   Test Methods for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method, 50 to 60 Hz and 50 cm Epstein Frame Withdrawn 1984
A 359   Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Structural Steel Replaced by A 370
A 360   Method of Testing Chilled and White Iron Castings Withdrawn 1993
A 360M   Method of Testing Chilled and White Iron Castings [Metric] Withdrawn 1993
A 367 2005 Standard Test Methods of Chill Testing of Cast Iron  
A 370 2009 Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products  
A 388/A 388M 2009 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Heavy Steel Forgings  
A 393   Recommended Practice for Conducting Acidified Copper Sulfate Test for Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steel Replaced by A 262
A 418/A 418M 2009 Standard Test Method for Ultrasonic Examination of Turbine and Generator Steel Rotor Forgings  
A 428/A 428M 2006 Standard Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating on Aluminum-Coated Iron or Steel Articles  
A 435/A 435M 2007 Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Plates  
A 438 1997 Standard Test Method for Transverse Testing of Gray Cast Iron Withdrawn 2003
A 443   Method of Notch Toughness of Turbine and Generator Steel Forgings Replaced by A 370
A 472/A 472M 2007 Standard Test Method for Heat Stability of Steam Turbine Shafts and Rotor Forgings  
A 503/A 503M 2006 Ultrasonic Examination of Forged Crankshafts  
A 531/A 531M 2006 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Turbine-Generator Steel Retaining Rings  
A 561 2008 Standard Practice for Macrotech Testing of Tool Steel Bars  
A 566   Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Alternating Current Potentiometer and 25-cm Epstein framemed Withdrawn 1984
A 577/A 577M 2007 Ultrasonic Angle-Beam Examination of Steel Plates  
A 578/A 578M 2007 Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Plain and Clad Steel Plates for Special Applications  
A 593   Charpy V-nNtch Testing Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessel Withdrawn 1976
A 596/A 596M 2004 Standard Test Method for Direct-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Ballistic Method and Ring Specimens  
A 598/A 598M 2007 Standard Test Method for Magnetic Properties of Magnetic Amplifier Cores  
A 604/A 604M 2007 Standard Test Method for Macroetch Testing of Consumable Electrode Remelted Steel Bars and Billets  
A 609/A 609M 2007 Standard Practice for Castings, Carbon, Low-Alloy, and Martensitic Stainless Steel, Ultrasonic Examination Thereof  
A 610 2004 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Ferroalloys for Determination of Size  
A 627 2003 Standard Test Methods for Tool-Resisting Steel Bars, Flats, and Shapes for Detention and Correctional Facilities  
A 630 2009 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Tin Coating Weights for Electrolytic Tin Plate  
A 673/A 673M 2007 Sampling Procedure for Impact Testing of Structural Steel  
A 697/A 697M 2008 Standard Test Method for Alternating Current Magnetic Properties of Laminated Core Specimen Using Voltmeter-Ammeter-Wattmeter Methods  
A 698/A 698M 2007 Standard Test Method for Magnetic Shield Efficiency in Attenuating Alternating Magnetic Fields  
A 720/A 720M 2007 Standard Test Method for Ductility of Nonoriented Electrical Steel  
A 721/A 721M 2007 Standard Test Method for Ductility of Oriented Electrical Steel  
A 745/A 745M 2009 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Austenitic Steel Forgings  
A 751 2008 Standard Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products  
A 754/A 754M 2008 Standard Test Method for Coating Weight (Mass) of Metallic Coatings on Steel by X-Ray Fluorescence  
A 763 2004 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Ferritic Stainless Steels  
A 770/A 770M 2007 Through-Thickness Tension Testing of Steel Plates for Special Applications  
A 772/A 772M 2005 Standard Test Method for ac Magnetic Permeability of Materials Using Sinusoidal Current  
A 773/A 773M 2009 Standard Test Method for dc Magnetic Properties of Materials Using Ring and Permeameter Procedures with dc Electronic Hysteresigraphs  
A 804/A 804M 2004 Standard Test Methods for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials at Power Frequencies Using Sheet-Type Test Specimens  
A 833 2008 Standard Practice for Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by Comparison Hardness Testers  
A 880 1995 Standard Practice for Criteria for Use in Evaluation of Testing Laboratories and Organizations for Examination and Inspection of Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys Withdrawn 2004
A 883/A 883M 2001 Standard Test Method for Ferrimagnetic Resonance Linewidth and Gyromagnetic Ratio of Nonmetallic Magnetic Materials Withdrawn 2006
A 889/A 889M 2008 Standard Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials at Low Inductions Using the Wattmeter-Varmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method and 25-cm (250-mm) Epstein Frame  
A 893/A 893M 2008 Standard Test Method for Complex Dielectric Constant of Nonmetallic Magnetic Materials at Microwave Frequencies  
A 894/A 894M 2005 Standard Test Method for Saturation Magnetization or Induction of Nonmetallic Magnetic Materials  
A 898/A 898M 2007 Straight Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Rolled Steel Structural Shapes  
A 900 1996 Standard Test Method for Lamination Factor of Amorphous Magnetic Strip  
A 900/A 900M 2006 Standard Test Method for Lamination Factor of Amorphous Magnetic Strip  
A 912/A 912M 2004 Standard Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Amorphous Materials at Power Frequencies Using Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method with Toroidal Specimens  
A 923 2008 Standard Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels  
A 926 2008 Standard Test Method for Comparing the Abrasion Resistance of Coating Materials for Corrugated Metal Pipe  
A 927/A 927M 2004 Standard Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Toroidal Core Specimens Using the Voltmeter-Ammeter-Wattmeter Method  
A 931 2008 Standard Test Method for Tension Testing of Wire Ropes and Strand  
A 932/A 932M 2006 Standard Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Amorphous Materials at Power Frequencies Using Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method with Sheet Specimens  
A 937/A 937M 2006 Standard Test Method for Determining Interlaminar Resistance of Insulating Coatings Using Two Adjacent Test Surfaces  
A 938 2007 Standard Test Method for Torsion Testing of Wire  
A 939 2007 Standard Test Method for Ultrasonic Examination from Bored Surfaces of Cylindrical Forgings  
A 966/A 966M 2008 Standard Test Method for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings Using Alternating Current  
A 977/A 977M 2007 Standard Test Method for Magnetic Properties of High-Coercivity Permanent Magnet Materials Using Hysteresigraphs  
A 981 2007 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Bond Strength for 15.2 mm (0.6 in.) Diameter Prestressing Steel Strand, Grade 270, Uncoated, Used in Prestressed Ground Anchors  
A 987 2009 Standard Test Method for Measuring Shape Characteristics of Tin Mill Products  
A 993 1998 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Tear Testing of Cast Irons to Establish Transition Temperature Withdrawn 2004

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